Interest Only Mortgages – FSA Makes Move To Protect Homeowners|
Author: Michael Challiner
Abbey recently stated that over 25% of homeowners decide to take out an interest-only mortgage. It's not hard to see why – the monthly payments are significantly less, just look at this example based on a 25 year £125,000 mortgage at 5%. The interest only mortgage will cost £525 per month - but the repayment mortgage is £735 per month – an additional £210 a month – that's a lot of money!
At the root of the issue are the first time buyers – they simply can't afford the repayment mortgage, so take the interest only option as an easier way out. However, the interest only mortgage must be accompanied by a suitable savings vehicle to cover the outstanding capital at the end of the mortgage term, and it is this that many are failing to do – as many as 37% in fact.
Now the Financial Services Authority (FSA) has stepped in, concerned that many homeowners will face a shortfall at the end of their mortgage term. It is now necessary for lenders to see firm evidence from new borrowers that they have set up a savings vehicle to cover the capital. Previously, borrowers just had to state their intention, for example, they would sell the property to raise the capital. However, that will no longer be good enough. The lender will need to see a proper plan set up – they are not allowed to set you up on an interest only mortgage without that proof. If they did, they would be going against regulations and would be penalised by the FSA.
The lender will now need to see proof of a personal equity plan (PEP), an Individual Savings Account (ISA), or evidence that 25% tax-free cash from a personal pension plan (PPP) will ultimately cover the outstanding capital. It will no longer be good enough to say that you will set it up – you must show that you have already sorted it out!
In the short time that the new regulations have been in force, individual lenders are already making their own interpretations of the rules. The Nationwide Building Society is not allowing borrowers to use a future inheritance, or future pay rises as a basis on which to set up an interest only mortgage. Similarly, expected bonuses will not be good enough either, not unless you can prove that you will definitely be receiving them. Bonuses based on performance can't be guaranteed, so would not count.
People that already have their own home will not be subjected to the same rigorous checks however. As long as you are borrowing less than two thirds of the new property's value, and you have £150,000 of net equity in your current home, then Nationwide will accept you as a customer.
On the whole, mortgage advisers will not recommend interest only mortgages, agreeing that they represent too much risk. Repayment mortgages guarantee that all monies owed are paid at the end of the term, but a separate savings vehicle could fail to live up to expectations, and you could end up with a shortfall. Most mortgage advisers will recommend a repayment mortgage to bypass that risk.
On the other hand, the interest only mortgage is a useful short term solution, and if you can assure your mortgage adviser that you intend to switch over to a repayment mortgage as soon as you can afford to, they may well support your decision. Even in this case however, you will still need to provide the same details as if you were intending to stick with it for the full term. You simply won't be able to get an interest only mortgage without providing the right paperwork.
The best all round solution is to get an interest only mortgage that allows you to overpay. So if you find that you have some extra capital, you can put it onto your mortgage, and reduce the capital. These types of mortgage are widely available, and many allow you to repay 10% or more in a single year. Of course, if you can't afford it, then you don't have to – at least you have the choice. Just make sure, before signing up, that you can overpay without penalty.
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